Instructions: Answer any four of the questions
below. Answers are weighted equally. The answers must be completely in your
own words. You show that you understand the material when you are able to
discuss it in your own words are able to analyze it thoughtfully and correctly.
While there is no definite minimum or maximum answer length, the target answer
length that you should aim for is approximately 2 double-spaced pages per
answer.
Here are the 4 questions I chose:
6. Explain Louis Pojmans retribution argument concerning
the death penalty. Why does he call this argument backward-looking? Explain
Pojmans deterrence argument concerning the death penalty. Why does he call
this argument forward-looking? What are Nicholas Kristofs responses to the
deterrence and retribution arguments? What are the two objections to the death
penalty that Louis Pojman discusses, and what is his response to each of these
objections? What are Nicholas Kristofs views on these two objections? In your
view, which writers views are more persuasive: Pojmans or Kristofs? Explain
why or why not with a well-developed, reasoned analysis. Make sure all aspects
of this answer are thorough and detailed.
7.
What, for the Epicureans and Stoics, is happiness? According to Epicurus, what
beliefs, desires, and actions do we need to eliminate or avoid in order to
achieve happiness? Why do we need to eliminate or avoid these specific things?
What, for Epicurus, are the desires and virtues that we should seek to fulfill
and cultivate in order to achieve happiness? In your own view, is this
Epicurean view of how to achieve happiness correct? Explain why or why not. According
to the Stoics, what are the things that we must believe and do in order to
achieve happiness, and why are these things necessary for happiness? In your
own view, is this Stoic view of how to achieve happiness correct? Explain why
or why not.
8. What
are the Buddhas Four Noble Truths? Explain each one in detail. What is karma?
What is samsara, and how is it related to karma? In Confucianism,
what is Tian, and how is it related to the goal of harmony? What is li,
and how does it help to achieve harmony? What is a junzi? What are ren
and de, and how are they related to the concept of junzi?
9. According to Claudia Close, what is care, and what are the
distinctive elements of an ethics of care? When, according to Close, are we
obligated to care, and what are the advantages of an ethics of care? According
to Carol Gilligan, what are the key differences between an ethics of justice
and an ethics of care? What is the Heinz dilemma? Explain how Jakes moral
reasoning about the Heinz dilemma can be interpreted as illustrating an ethics
of justice perspective. Explain how Amys moral reasoning about the Heinz
dilemma can be interpreted as illustrating an ethics of care perspective. In
your view, does thinking about ethical issues require, as Gilligan suggests,
considering both justice and care?
Explain why or why not with a well-developed, reasoned analysis. Make
sure all aspects of this answer are thorough and detailed.

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