1. Both Darwin’s writings and Kropotkin’s response text were framed as scientific value-neutral descriptions of human being. That is, they described what we are, not who we ought to be. At the same time, Darwin’s text presented a particular vision of human culture and society. Kropotkin’s response text presented a very different vision. . Who might have taken up Darwin’s wideas to bolster their power over others in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? And what was the vision of human flourishing that they drew on Darwinian thought to advance?
2. Kropotkin sought to remake Darwin’s writings–along with Marx, the most influential writings of the long nineteenth century (1800-1914) along very different grounds. By redescribing Darwin’s scientific theory, Kropotkin sought to advance a different vision of human life and culture. What was Kropotkin’s vision for society that his alternate description of evolution promoted? How can we understand which kinds of social life and culture Kropotkin sought to show his readers were possible, based on our reading of his description of evolution?
3. Find one interesting aspect of Darwin’s text–something that stands out to you, resonates with you, or that you remember from reading the text. Compare or contrast this aspect of Darwin’s text with a similar or dissimilar aspect of Kropotkin’s text. For example, I might observe that Darwin analogized from other animals to humans. I would then compare this to Kropotkin, finding that he, too, sought to understand human life and culture through his observation of other animals. Which (different!) aspect of Darwin’s text did you find, and how is this aspect similar/different to something that appears in Kropotkin’s writing?

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